Bernie Krause's new installation of the Great Animal Orchestra opens at the Horniman this Sunday. Here the sound designer shares the history behind this stunning soundscape of natural habitats.
The new Horniman soundscape, The Great Animal Orchestra, is based on concepts within my book of the same title in which I describe how animals taught us to dance and sing. From my musical background and field observations of natural sound, my installations express how we discovered the origins of music which emanated from the world’s wild places.
The installation features the beautiful biophonies (the collective sound produced by all living organisms in a given location) from four different habitats: Borneo, Costa Rica, Sumatra, and Zimbabwe. Simultaneously, the installation projects the graphic images of these recordings called spectrograms.
The dramatic images, like orchestral musical scores, illustrate the organization of sound from which humans living amongst these animals mimicked, adopting the acoustic structure, melody, rhythm, harmony, texture and performance. One of my favourite moments is the magical call and response of two duetting gibbons in the recording from Camp Leakey, Borneo which really does sound like a musical duet.
The recordings at the Horniman hold special meaning for me and have been selected as prime examples of the many thousands I have recorded around the world. My fascination with biophonies began following my first field trip to Kenya in the 80s. When I returned home I created simple spectrograms from the recordings I’d made. Just as photographic images appear on photo paper, unmistakably clear patterns materialized showing the audio sequences I’d recorded. This was far from the chaotic random expression I and others perceived it to be; it became unmistakably clear that creatures vocalize in distinct kinship to one another, occupying their own bandwidth in order to hear their own species just as each instrument of the orchestra has a different range.
And so a lifetime’s work began.
The communal sound arrangement described above is still produced in the few remaining undisturbed places of the wild. Unfortunately many of my soundscape recordings are of habitats that no longer exist due to human intervention or natural disaster. For example, the impact of population and mining has had a devastating effect on the Borneo habitat you can hear in the installation, and the habitat you hear from the Aceh province in Sumatra was destroyed in the 2004 Tsunami.
Great Animal Orchestra: Natural Soundscapes by Bernie Krause opens in the Horniman's Music Gallery on Sunday 27 July. Join us to celebrate the launch of this new exhibition at The Great Animal Orchestra Party.