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See full details Description

One of a collection of seals made of cornelian, glass and brass, finely engraved in Arabic script. Some of the brass ones are backed with bitumen, indicating the method by which they were held in the mountings. Since these mounts were often precious, they have probably been removed for melting down. "These seals were... frequently used by merchants and when a deal was consummated each party handed over his seal to the other who after wetting the document to be sealed with his wet thumb, pressed the seal upon the ink-pad and then reproduced it on the moistened document.' Seals are of various shapes: square, round, oval and triangular. From 0.4" x 0.45" to 0.9 x 0.6".

Details

seal (writing & printing)
8.10.66/14ix
Anthropology

1 item (description level: part)
Broad category
Anthropology: Ethnography
Additional names, titles, or classifications
catalogue name:  seal (writing & printing)
object name:  seal (writing & printing)

Place
Persia, West Asia, Asia; Iran, West Asia, Asia
Additional place information
made or collected:  Persia 
made or collected:  Iran 
Date made
1933 -1934 CE
Additional date information
1933 -1934 CE 

Materials & techniques
brass
Additional material & technique information
material: brass (overall)
Measurements
overall: 4.9 g
Additional measurement information
overall: 4.9 g

Provenance
donor:  Jackson, R., Major.  Undefined - 1966-10-08

Use
These seals were used by illiterate people, frequently by merchants, and when a deal was consummated each party handed over his seal to the other, who, after wetting the document to be sealed with his wet thumb, pressed the seal upon the ink-pad and then reproduced it on the moistened document.

Further reading
Wenzel, Marian, 1993. Ornament and Amulet. Rings of the Islamic Lands. The Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, London: Kalili Collections, 158-159 (discusses similar)

Related objects
part of seal (writing & printing) (8.10.66/14)
Related subjects
object name: seals (writing & printing)

Record created 2004-12-06 by RHOLLEY
Record last updated 2017-07-26 by EELSDEN

Collections information

These objects are only a part of our collections, of which there are more than 350,000 objects. More information on the objects listed on our website.

This information comes from our collections database. Some of this is incomplete and there may be some errors. The database sometimes uses language taken from historical documents to help research, which may now appear outdated and even offensive. The database also includes information on objects that are considered secret or sacred by some communities.

If you have any further information about objects in our collections or can suggest corrections to our information, please contact us.