Born in London on 3 February, 1855, and educated at the University College School, London, and then studied natural science and philosophy in Germany. In 1875 he visited British Guiana and then Russia the next year. He immigrated to Australia and was commissioned to investigate the Queensland sugar industry in 1878 where he stayed until 1884 eventually producing a publication, 'The Discovery and Settlement of Port Mackay', Queensland (1908). Roth had been elected a fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute in 1882. After leaving Australia in 1884, he settled in 1888 'in business' at Halifax, Yorkshire, England. He was appointed honorary curator of the Bankfield Museum in Halifax in 1900 and also published a number of books on local history and Australia and other countries he had visited.
Anthropologist (1878-1888) and curator (1900-1924)