Foreign powers imposed their own ideologies, beliefs and education systems and practices on the people that they colonised. People suffered from forced separation from their land in Australia and other areas, and vital resources were extracted for the benefit of those in power.
For many communities in Oceania, contact with Europeans from the 18th century onward had a devastating impact on the local way of life. Yet there is also resilience with many traditions remaining strong.
The relationship between museums and their colonial pasts has been the subject of much debate and is often considered a contentious one. Many collections worldwide were formed during this period: purchased at auction houses, removed by force during violent campaigns, stolen, offered as gifts, and made specifically for sale.