gold weight

Brass rectangular gold weight with raised geometric design representing a mirror image of two swastikas. It has been said that the swastika symbolized chickens feet, but it is more likely to be an image taken from Indian Hindu ornamentation, used frequently in North African Islamic embossed leather designs.

Brass weights, such as this example, were used to measure gold dust across Islamic West Africa. Gold dust was a form of currency, used predominantly by Akan speaking people from the 14th century to 1900, when the practice was banned by the British Government in Ghana in an attempt to standardize trade using a monetary system. Once they were banned they flooded the European art market, purchased and bought back by European traders. Such weights would have been made by goldsmiths using the ‘lost wax’ technique, where a shape is carved or molded out of wax before being dipped in several layers of clay slip. Once the slip has dried, molten brass is poured into the mould, replacing the wax by melting it. These weights would often initially have been commissioned by an individual, and then passed down the matrilineal line through inheritance. As trade in gold dust was predominantly an activity reserved for men, an individual would inherit the weights passed down through his mother’s brother. It was said that a person’s soul inhabited the things they used, and thus a collection of inherited weights might be understood to be an assemblage of highly spiritual and personal objects, representing ones ancestors. Such weights often tell a story, representing items of prestige, or characters from popular stories or proverbs.

Collection Information

These objects are only a part of our collections, of which there are more than 350,000 objects. This information comes from our collections database. Some of this is incomplete and there may be errors. This part of the website is also still under construction, so there may be some fields repeated or incorrectly formatted information.

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