Tenor horn in E flat, over-the-shoulder configuration. Brass body, German silver ferrules, stay base plates, bell garland and bow guard. Three rotary valves. Brass mouthpiece probably not original. First valve lacks touch-piece and does not work properly.
American Civil War troops would have been heartened by the sound of the bands that marched in front of them. These groups favoured over-the-shoulder horns, a special form of the saxhorn. This design, with the bell pointing backward over the player's shoulder, allowed the troops to hear the band. A whole family of instruments in this configuration existed. These instruments fell out of use shortly after the Civil War ended (1865).