collar (neck ornaments (personal adornment))

intsasela (pl. Iintsasela), necklet, worn by abafana (young men), iintombe (girls), and abafazana (young women), to dances and festivities. Strung on sinew. Closes by means of isango and ighosha. The beads are white, yellow, blue and red.

This object and others were collected by Erich H. Bigalke. According to Anthony Shelton, Bigalke was enlisted as one of a number of 'outside fieldworkers' to collect on behalf of the Horniman Museum. Bigalke collected among the Xhosa and 'neighbouring groups' and the collection was made in cooperation with the East London Museum in South Africa. Presumably, the Horniman Museum’s catalogue details are based on information provided by Bigalke’s (for example, his fieldwork notes). It might be useful to refer to Bigalke’s published work, for example, Bigalke, 1972. See also Shelton, 2003.

Collection Information

These objects are only a part of our collections, of which there are more than 350,000 objects. This information comes from our collections database. Some of this is incomplete and there may be errors. This part of the website is also still under construction, so there may be some fields repeated or incorrectly formatted information.

The database sometimes uses language taken from historical documents to help research, which may now appear outdated and even offensive. The database also includes information on objects that are considered secret or sacred by some communities.

If you have any further information about objects in our collections or can suggest corrections to our information, please contact us: enquiry@horniman.ac.uk