One of six handwritten manuscript pages from Qamdo, Tibet, made from black ink and written directly onto parchment. Two red lines demark both sides of the text.
The mantra on this folio is written in Tibetan. It translates (in part) as follows: (This refers to the side of the folio not marked with the object number in pencil) Line 1. … within the twelve months of the lunar year, all the malignant beings of the ‘Preta’ class; zombies, Line 2: … plagues and, ‘shu ba’ and ‘g.ya’ ba’ and pox Line 3: .. wind and; fire ‘Dpag’ and ‘G.yan ba’ (eruptions akin to itch), and fatal ulcerous sores, Line 4: … feeling discomfort; suffering from amnesia; poison from precious substance; poison .. Line 5: … ensnared or bound; enemies, and harms, and untimely … Line 6: … scorpion and snakes and yellow weasel and lions and tigers, bear,