scroll painting (ritual & belief: representations)

Hanging scroll, ink and colour on paper. Painting of two Yama kings and scenes of hell. This painting depicts two judgment scenes of the King Yan Luo, Yan Luo Huang, who is responsible for judgement in the Fifth Court of Hell. In the top half, he is depicted wearing a necklace with a 'ruyi' pendant and holding a red ball in his left hand, sitting in front of a desk with an attendant at the back, flanked by two assisting judges and two generals, one with a cow's head and the other with a horse's head. Below them are several judgement scenes. From left to right, top to bottom: 1. An old woman and a cow are accompanied by two underworld officials looking back to the previous life of the cow depicted within a circle, which shows that it was tortured by a boy with an axe. 2. The boy who tortured the cow is also looking the centre, accompanied by a demon and an official. 3. An underworld general rides on a tiger and holds a sword in his right hand. 4. A demon holding a trident is forcing four figures to the Chamber of Ice, while four other figures are suffering the cold in this chamber. They are being punished for ill-treating their parents and the elders. On the lower left of the painting the King Yan Luo (Yan Luo Huang) is depicted in the Fifth Court of Hell. He is holding an incense burner and sitting in front of a desk with two female attendants standing at the back, flanked by three deities on the left and four deities on the right. On the far left a female deity is standing on a lotus pedetal. Depicted below are several judgement scenes (From left to right, top to bottom): 1. A demon takes six sad people to the 'Wang Xiang Tai' (Sighting Homeland Terrace). 2. Eleven deities are standing on the 'Nai He Qiao' (Helpless Bridge) with two boys carrying banners leading the way. An underworld official and a demon are gazing at them from below. There are three people in the river with snakes swimming around.

Below the depiction in the top half of the painting are four judgement scenes. In the first, an old woman and a cow are accompanied by two underworld officials. They are looking back to the previous life of the cow depicted within a circle. This shows that it was tortured by a boy with an axe. In the second scene, the boy who tortured the cow is also looking to the centre, accompanied by a demon and an official. The third scene shows an underworld general riding on a tiger and holding a sword in his right hand. In the fourth scene, a demon holding a trident is forcing four figures to the Chamber of Ice, while four other figures are suffering the cold in this chamber. They are being punished for ill-treating their parents and the elders. Below the depiction on the lower left of the painting are two judgement scenes. In one scene, a demon takes six sad people to the Sighting Homeland Terrace, Wang Xiang Tai. In the second scene, eleven deities are standing on the Helpless Bridge, 'Nai He Qiao', with two boys carrying banners leading the way. An underworld official and a demon are gazing at them from below. There are three people in the river with snakes swimming around.

Collection Information

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