protective charm; gris-gris; assesrade; terewt; takarde

Leather amulet, stamped design of lines, criss-cross patterns and punched circles.

Rectangular leather amulet (also known as 'gris-gris', 'assesrade', 'terewt', 'takarde') with leather loops on both short ends. The wide loop can be used to wear the amulet around the neck on a string or cord. The second loop on the opposite side is much narrower and is decorative rather than functional. Amulets such as this are made of two parts - the amulet container, in this case made of leather, and the actual amulet, in this case probably a paper (or papers) with Koranic inscriptions and texts, or magical letters and numbers, prepared by a religious leader or marabout.

Collection Information

These objects are only a part of our collections, of which there are more than 350,000 objects. This information comes from our collections database. Some of this is incomplete and there may be errors. This part of the website is also still under construction, so there may be some fields repeated or incorrectly formatted information.

The database sometimes uses language taken from historical documents to help research, which may now appear outdated and even offensive. The database also includes information on objects that are considered secret or sacred by some communities.

If you have any further information about objects in our collections or can suggest corrections to our information, please contact us: